What is it?
Task-based language learning is a teaching approach where the lessons are based around doing a task. In education, a task refers to an activity where communication is necessary: for example; deciding something, solving a problem, designing or organising something, or telling someone to do something.
How is it done?
The students are given a task to complete with full instructions, and they have to complete it individually or in groups or pairs. The students get familiar with the relevant vocabulary and grammar as they are “forced” to produce it while completing the tasks. The teacher closely monitors the students to offer support and encouragement.
This kind of independent learning motivates students to learn language in context and there is a higher likelihood of them remembering the grammar and vocabulary, than if they just sat and studied with their books.
The advantages of TBL
Task-based learning has some clear advantages:
- Unlike a traditional lesson, students need to use all their language resources rather than just practising one pre-selected grammar tense or vocabulary topic.
- It provides students with context to practise their language.
- The students will have much more exposure to language with TBL because they need to communicate to complete the task. They will be exposed to a whole range of vocabulary and grammar.
- It is a strong communicative approach where students spend a lot of time communicating.
- It is enjoyable and motivating.
Our experienced teachers at Emu often use this teaching method in our classes and the small class sizes of 6-9 students ensures effective monitoring of each student while they work on the tasks. Our students love these task based lessons and we love teaching them!